Overview of Trademark Classification in India

In India, the Trade Marks Act, of 1999, classifies trademark registration into 45 classes. These can be bifurcated into two main categories: Registration for Goods (Classes 1-34) and Registration for Services (Classes 35-45). Each class specifies a distinct category of goods or services, and understanding these trademark classifications in India is essential before initiating the trademark registration process.

What are the benefits of Trademark Classification?

This classification streamlines the trademark registration process by clearly indicating which class a particular trademark belongs to. It also aims to segment competition, ensuring that companies within the same class are deemed competitors. This system prohibits them from using trademark names or logos of others in their category but allows for some instances where trademarks may resemble those of others.

Why is Classification Important in the Trademark Registration Process?

The structured approach to trademark classification ensures that businesses do not exploit the reputation of competitors in their class. This is vital for maintaining the integrity, trust, and revenue of established enterprises.

Which Are the Most Commonly Registered Trademark Classes in India?

Some commonly registered classes in India are:

Class 5: Pharmaceuticals, medical, and veterinary preparations.

Class 9: Electrical and electronic devices, computer hardware, and software.

Class 25: Clothing, footwear, and headgear. 

Class 29: Meat, fish, dairy products, and other processed foods.

Class 30: Coffee, tea, bakery items, and other food staples.

Class 35: Advertising and business management.

Class 36: Insurance, financial affairs, real estate affairs.

Class 41: Education, training, entertainment, and cultural activities.

Class 42: Scientific and technological services, research, design, and development of computer hardware and software.

Class 43: Services for providing food, drink, and temporary accommodations.

How Have Preferences in Trademark Registration Evolved Over Time?

The preference for certain classes may evolve based on the changing business environment and emerging sectors. However, the aforementioned classes consistently witness significant registration activity, representing major segments of the Indian economy.

What Are the Consequences of Choosing the Wrong Trademark Class?

Choosing the wrong trademark class can lead to a delay in your application process and even require you to reapply. This can cost you both time and money. To avoid such issues, it is crucial to seek expert guidance and ensure that you choose the correct trademark class for your product or service.


By now, you should have a good understanding of trademark classification. However, if you need assistance in selecting the appropriate trademark class, our team of experts at Legal Terminus can assist you in completing the trademark registration process efficiently.

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